We are used to thinking that winter is a time of rest and sound sleep for plants. But is it? Does the life of grasses and flowers always end under a blanket of snow? Of course, in most of the stunted representatives of the flora in the fall, the aboveground part withers and completely dies off, but there are those that retain green stalks and leaves throughout the winter. Mosses and lichens always remain green, they are not afraid of either frost or drought. Tinder fungi grow under the snow. Winter crops turn green. One can often observe how huge fields with juicy bright greenery spread out, as if in a fairy tale, amid the warm winter and snow, as if in a fairy tale.
Evergreen and wintergreen plants remain green under the snow. Evergreens include lingonberries, Veronica officinalis, cranberries, strawberries, zelenchuk, European hoof, sedge, and wintergreens. As a rule, they are all at rest and sleeping peacefully.
However, many roslin continue to develop under the snow. They not only retain old ones, but also new leaves grow, buds appear. They grow under the snow, and as soon as the winter cover begins to melt, they make their way out and, basking in the rays of the sun, begin to bloom. One of these plants is the snowdrop. The name speaks for itself. Delicate blue and white flowers can be found in early spring on thawed patches, and they grew and formed, of course, under the snow. By the way, all plants that begin to develop under the snow cover, and on the first warm days are ready to bloom, are also called snowdrops. On the edges of the forest, on the southern slopes of the hills, sleep-grass appears in early spring. Among the melted snow, pale yellow and purple buds open, exposing their petals and stamens to the sun. The fox carpet is decorated with velvety rams and holly goose onions, white flowers of anemone (oak anemones), and various types of crested beetles. Our gardens are also full of plants that have grown and matured over the winter. Like bright lanterns, crocuses, muscari, primroses and woodlands burn among the remnants of the snow.
All these amazing plants make their way out of the ground and begin their growth in winter, under the snow, and with the onset of heat they bloom, give seeds, and then fall asleep for a long time. You will not find them in summer and autumn, because the above-ground part completely dies off. But tubers, bulbs, rhizomes continue to live, preserving the accumulated nutrients. Thanks to them, as well as the snow cover and the process of plant respiration, they perfectly tolerate frosts and begin their development in winter. It is important that they actively drink useful melt water, which helps to assimilate the nutrients accumulated since summer and accelerates their growth. Of course, a good snow cover is a prerequisite. Winters with little snow can be a disaster for many flora. Although you should be aware that such plants require a cooling process, after which they bloom more actively.
There is a version that early primroses came to us from the Ice Age. This is supported by the fact that all alpine plants form under the snow and are essentially snowdrops. It turns out that the amazing messengers of spring have passed through the millennia, have managed to adapt to modern conditions, and today they continue to live and delight us. Therefore, it is the duty of humanity to preserve this beauty for future generations.
Author: Roman Oleksiienko